01 April 2015

ZAO/standardarchitecture, Beijing, China, 2015

The new ZAO/standardarchitecture studio, located to the North of Qingnian Lake Park,was renovated from an aged warehouse, with its old industrial facade still displaying on the street front. The interior has grown from the idea of "room inside room", with of a couple of service rooms floating amidst a free flowing, unified space.

Some prefabricated wood structures support the roof, raising the height and shortening the construction time. An ample amount of daylight sheds in through the skylights and along the slanted roof. A concrete slab acts as a flat roof extension, as well as the pedestal for wood trusses, thus leaving the main space column free. Air-conditioning units are hidden around the skylights behind plaster boards.

The ceiling is finished with Venetian Plaster, as found in many of Carlo Scarpa's renovation Projects. The cement floor in the studio area transitions into wood floor in the discussion area, both facilitated with heating systems underneath. The bathrooms feature sinks and light fixtures stand out as distinct architectural elements, engaging formally and spatially with walls and ceilings.

DAI Chun: The space of this studio impresses people with its discrete structure governed by an overall concrete order. The interior walls made up of the retained industrial fa?ade, together with the roof window and the slope roof, allow the light to follow fixed trails, creating a gallery-like spatial quality. This quality, coupled with the relatively matching material, contributes to the orderliness of the Studio. On the other hand, a series of functional zones are arbitrarily and deliberately scattered in this longitudinal space, creating a fluent freedom. From different angles, these scattered zones are trying to communicate with the courtyard through the window. In such a deliberate and discrete space, one may have a sense of uncertainty, which seems to be the exact effect that the Standard Architecture would like to attain. It may be what an innovative studio manages to achieve: to inadvertently promote free exchanges among designers and to form certain atmosphere that would stimulate their mutual inspiration.

FAN Yue: Seen from the data, the sloping roof with its inner surface press-polished by Venetian Plaster is built to increase the height of the space, which is likely to be added after the renovation. The simple node approach composed of two different materials of wooden structure and steel reinforcement, together with the light coming through the side window, interprets the aesthetics of the space. The concrete walls cast by wooden framework forms a contrast to the texture of press-polished Venetian Plaster surface, thus creating an expressive effect of roughness. Compared with the usual approach of contrasting the old with the new, this interior space created by these two kinds of materials does not deliberately highlight the traces after the renovation, thus producing a spatial implication in its continuous, cavern-like form.

Credits and Data
Principal Architect: ZHANG Ke
Design Team: ZHANG Ke, SUN Wei, Joao Dias Pereira, Margret Luise Domko, SUN Qingfeng, DAI Haifei, ZHAO Sheng, SHI Qianlan, Nathalie Frankowski, WANG Feng, YANG Xinrong
Building Area: 2163㎡
Floor Area: 580㎡
Design Period: 2013-2014
Photos: CHEN Su




设计团队:张轲,孙伟,Joao Dias Pereira, Margret Luise Domko, 孙青峰,戴海飞,赵晟,石倩兰,Nathalie Frankowski, 王风,杨欣荣



最后一组是张轲(图9)与瑞典SWEBC集团主创建筑师伊顿恩·贝克(Idun Bäck)和本尼迪克特·勒莱(Benedict Leret,图10)的设计,两者都采用了古老的象征性手法。贝克和勒莱展现了北欧设计传统对日常生活体验的轻松诠释。设计愉悦地起始于野餐的概念,无论是整体格局还是局部单体部直接利用了野餐篮等事物的象征性转化,比如信息馆几乎就是藤编篮子的放大,而生态馆的形状则来自于循环利用符号的立体化呈现。易读性是这种处理的直接优点,虽然这种便利性有可能压制人们对更深层次建筑内涵的关注。在这一点上,张轲的处理则更为隐晦,他的混凝土树的方案在整个设计过程中几乎没有改变,建筑师并不在乎发展与丰富,而是执着于对一种原初印象的坚持。同样的象征性手法,贝克和勒莱所体现的是轻松与愉悦,而张轲所呈现的更接近于圣诞与梦幻,前者如果是阿波罗式的明晰与畅快,后者就是狄奥尼索斯式的含混与神秘。混凝土的坚硬与沉默,冷静地展现了一棵大树的原重与沉着,这或许不是一棵应该属于湿地的树,而应该与夏娃、与佛陀、与牛顿、与康这样的名字产生关联。它所象征的其实不仅仅是一棵树,而是我们在面对任何一颗苍天大树是都能觉察到的、难以言说的对存在敬畏与困惑。就像康所说,建筑就是表现,但表现什么则取决于建筑师的个人感知。
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